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Inventory and Assessment of Invertebrate Biodiversity at Gettysburg National Military Park and Eisenhower National Historic Site


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:The Pennsylvania State University
Publication_Date:2005
Title:
Inventory and Assessment of Invertebrate Biodiversity at Gettysburg National Military Park and Eisenhower National Historic Site
Publication_Information:
Online_Linkage: http://www.datacommons.psu.edu/
Description:
Abstract:
Over the last decade, a series of taxon-based surveys and research projects were conducted to document flora and fauna of the Gettysburg National Military Park (GETT) and Eisenhower National Historic Site (EISE).  These efforts produced information on the presence, abundance, and distribution of resident species of a number of major plant and animal taxa, namely vertebrates and vascular plants.  This information helped the park management staff to make rational decisions in wildlife management and to learn how certain management actions might affect biodiversity and specific groups of organisms.  However, little is known about invertebrates, although they are most species rich and abundant and also major players in maintaining ecosystem processes.  

To meet the goals of ecosystem management, it is necessary to know the state of invertebrate biodiversity related to the ecosystem structure and function.  With invertebrate biodiversity information, a comprehensive and site-specific database can be developed for use in ecosystem management of natural resources and landscapes in GETT and EISE.  Invertebrate biodiversity data provide their habitat relationships to other plants and animals, accurately describing the structure of biological community at a given habitat, with which ecosystem health and guild structure can be measured. 

Invertebrates, particularly insects, comprise the largest component of biological communities at GETT and EISE.  Following the invertebrate survey conducted for measuring the impacts of woodland removal, the study of arthropod biodiversity was initiated to address the paucity of habitat specific information on invertebrates at GETT and EISE in 1999 and 2000. The 1999 collections were made from an interior forest stand (Big Round Top/Plum Run) and a grazed woodlot (Codori-Tostle Thicket).  A total of over 23,000 arthropods were collected, sorted, and identified to morphospecies, except for the Diptera and Hymenoptera where this procedure was completed for only 20 and 93% of the material respectively (Kim et al. 2001).  A supplemental collection of invertebrates was made in 2000 at several locations in GETT to provide a broad geographic coverage of different habitats in the park.  The specimens were collected using a streamlined biodiversity profile modified for open (non forested) habitats (Mahan et al. 1998).  Specimens were labeled and are stored in ethyl alcohol at the Frost Entomological Museum. 
Purpose:
The purpose of this proposal is to complete species and morphospecies identification of the samples collected in the Big Round Top/Plum Run and Codori-Tostle Thicket surveys and to process and identify specimens from the Year 2000 collections toward building a GETT and EISE biodiversity database. The identified specimens will help develop a comprehensive site-specific invertebrate biodiversity database for GETT and EISE resource management, for which the remainder of habitats in these Parks need to be surveyed for invertebrates. Specific objectives are: 1) Process the remaining collections from GETT and EISE and identify all specimens to species or morphospecies level; 2) Conduct field survey for invertebrates at additional priority sites necessary for ecosystem management of GETT and EISE; 3) Process the collections and identify specimens from the additional sites to species level; 4) Conduct guilds analysis of the identified taxa in GETT and EISE; and 5) Develop an invertebrate biodiversity database, a major component of the GETT/EISE Biodiversity Database (G/EBD), for use in ecosystem management.
Supplemental_Information:
Final report and data contained in zip file
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date:October 1, 2002
Ending_Date:June 30, 2005
Currentness_Reference:
publication date
Status:
Progress:Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency:As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate:-77.29
East_Bounding_Coordinate:-77.14
North_Bounding_Coordinate:39.87
South_Bounding_Coordinate:39.75
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus:ISO 19115 Topic Categories
Theme_Keyword:biota
Place:
Place_Keyword:Pennsylvania
Place_Keyword:Gettysburg National Military Park
Place_Keyword:Eisenhower National Historic Site
Access_Constraints:None
Use_Constraints:
The University excludes any and all implied warranties, including warranties or merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose.
The University makes no warranty or representation, either express or implied, with respect to the FILES or accompanying documentation, including its quality, performance, merchantability, or fitness for a particular purpose. The FILES and documentation are provided "as is" and the USER assumes the entire risk as to its quality and performance.
The University will not be liable for any direct, indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages arising out of the use or inability to use the FILES or any accompanying documentation.
The USER is granted permission to translate and add value to the FILES for the use of the FILES on its computer hardware; provided, however, that the USER annually notify the University of any customizing or value-adding work done.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Person:Ke Chung Kim, Ph. D.
Contact_Position:Professor of Entomology and Curator, Frost Entomological Museum
Contact_Address:
Address_Type:mailing address
Address:
The Frost Entomological Museum, Department of Entomology
Address:
Headhouse #3
City:University Park
State_or_Province:Pennsylvania
Postal_Code:16802
Country:USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone:814-863-2865
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address:kck@psu.edu
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Microsoft Windows 2000 Version 5.0 (Build 2195) Service Pack 4; ESRI ArcCatalog 8.3.0.800
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Organization:Penn State Data Commons
Contact_Address:
Address_Type:mailing and physical address
Address:
115 Land and Water Building
City:University Park
State_or_Province:Pennsylvania
Postal_Code:16802
Country:United States
Contact_Voice_Telephone:(814) 865 - 8792
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address:datacommons@psu.edu
Distribution_Liability:
The USER shall indemnify, save harmless, and, if requested, defend those parties involved with the development and distribution of this data, their officers, agents, and employees from and against any suits, claims, or actions for injury, death, or property damage arising out of the use of or any defect in the FILES or any accompanying documentation. Those parties involved with the development and distribution excluded any and all implied warranties, including warranties or merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose and makes no warranty or representation, either express or implied, with respect to the FILES or accompanying documentation, including its quality, performance, merchantability, or fitness for a particular purpose. The FILES and documentation are provided "as is" and the USER assumes the entire risk as to its quality and performance. Those parties involved with the development and distribution of this data will not be liable for any direct, indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages arising out of the use or inability to use the FILES or any accompanying documentation.
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:Penn State Data Commons
Contact_Person:James Spayd
Contact_Position:Metadata Coordinator
Contact_Address:
Address_Type:mailing address
Address:
115 Land and Water Building
City:University Park
State_or_Province:Pennsylvania
Postal_Code:16802
Country:United States
Contact_Voice_Telephone:814-865-8792
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address:jfs126@psu.edu
Metadata_Standard_Name:FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version:FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention:local time
Metadata_Extensions:
Online_Linkage: http://www.esri.com/metadata/esriprof80.html
Profile_Name:ESRI Metadata Profile
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