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Pathways and Consequences of the Introduction of Non-indigenous Insects and Arachnids in the United States


Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:The Pennsylvania State University
Publication_Date:1991
Title:
Pathways and Consequences of the Introduction of Non-indigenous Insects and Arachnids in the United States
Publication_Information:
Online_Linkage: http://www.datacommons.psu.edu/
Description:
Abstract:
Insects and arachnids are the largest group of organisms on the planet Earth; the estimated diversity is 10-30 million species.  These small and highly mobile arthropods are easily dispersed, and in addition to their innate behavior, insects and arachnids continue to invade new habitats and territories through anthropogenic routes. This process is accelerated by expanding human enterprise and changes accompanying rapid increase in global demography, urbanization, and economic development.
	Whereas there is no comprehensive assessment of pathways and consequences of the introduction of non-indigenous species in the United States, the present project by the U. S. Congress Office of Technology Assessment is a timely, significant undertaking for developing broad national policies and strategies against immigrant and non-indigenous organisms for the next century.
	This report represents a modest effort to bring together the knowledge of non-indigenous insects and arachnids while operating under a severe time and budgetary constraints; we could not maximally utilize the data at hand.  Thus, this report is not an adequate presentation of the status and problems of immigrant and non-indigenous insects and arachnids.
	The objectives of this report are: 1) to determine the current status of non-indigenous species in the United States; 2) to identify current major pathways of species introductions; 3) to review major agents and policies that have historically contributed to the current U. S. situation with non-indigenous species; 4) to determine the consequences of introductions using three case studies; and 5) to review and summarize gaps in existing knowledge and to assess and evaluate the magnitude and consequences of current problems with non-indigenous species. 
Purpose:
The goal of the NANIAD project is to provide the scope and detail of information necessary to develop predictive models to characterize and limit new arthropods with special focus on those that may hold the greatest threat to the economy and ecosystems of North America.
Supplemental_Information:
Final report and data contained in zip file
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date:1991
Currentness_Reference:
publication date
Status:
Progress:Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency:As needed
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate:-182.14
East_Bounding_Coordinate:-65.98
North_Bounding_Coordinate:74.39
South_Bounding_Coordinate:14.72
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus:ISO 19115 Topic Categories
Theme_Keyword:biota
Place:
Place_Keyword:North America
Place_Keyword:United States
Access_Constraints:None
Use_Constraints:
The University excludes any and all implied warranties, including warranties or merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose.
The University makes no warranty or representation, either express or implied, with respect to the FILES or accompanying documentation, including its quality, performance, merchantability, or fitness for a particular purpose. The FILES and documentation are provided "as is" and the USER assumes the entire risk as to its quality and performance.
The University will not be liable for any direct, indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages arising out of the use or inability to use the FILES or any accompanying documentation.
The USER is granted permission to translate and add value to the FILES for the use of the FILES on its computer hardware; provided, however, that the USER annually notify the University of any customizing or value-adding work done.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Person:Ke Chung Kim, Ph. D.
Contact_Position:Professor of Entomology and Curator, Frost Entomological Museum
Contact_Address:
Address_Type:mailing address
Address:
The Frost Entomological Museum, Department of Entomology
Address:
Headhouse #3
City:University Park
State_or_Province:Pennsylvania
Postal_Code:16802
Country:USA
Contact_Voice_Telephone:814-863-2865
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address:kck@psu.edu
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Microsoft Windows 2000 Version 5.0 (Build 2195) Service Pack 4; ESRI ArcCatalog 8.3.0.800
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Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Person_Primary:
Contact_Organization:Penn State Data Commons
Contact_Address:
Address_Type:mailing and physical address
Address:
115 Land and Water Building
City:University Park
State_or_Province:Pennsylvania
Postal_Code:16802
Country:United States
Contact_Voice_Telephone:(814) 865 - 8792
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address:datacommons@psu.edu
Distribution_Liability:
The USER shall indemnify, save harmless, and, if requested, defend those parties involved with the development and distribution of this data, their officers, agents, and employees from and against any suits, claims, or actions for injury, death, or property damage arising out of the use of or any defect in the FILES or any accompanying documentation. Those parties involved with the development and distribution excluded any and all implied warranties, including warranties or merchantability and fitness for a particular purpose and makes no warranty or representation, either express or implied, with respect to the FILES or accompanying documentation, including its quality, performance, merchantability, or fitness for a particular purpose. The FILES and documentation are provided "as is" and the USER assumes the entire risk as to its quality and performance. Those parties involved with the development and distribution of this data will not be liable for any direct, indirect, special, incidental, or consequential damages arising out of the use or inability to use the FILES or any accompanying documentation.
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Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:Penn State Data Commons
Contact_Person:James Spayd
Contact_Position:Metadata Coordinator
Contact_Address:
Address_Type:mailing address
Address:
115 Land and Water Building
City:University Park
State_or_Province:Pennsylvania
Postal_Code:16802
Country:United States
Contact_Voice_Telephone:814-865-8792
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address:jfs126@psu.edu
Metadata_Standard_Name:FGDC Content Standards for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version:FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention:local time
Metadata_Extensions:
Online_Linkage: http://www.esri.com/metadata/esriprof80.html
Profile_Name:ESRI Metadata Profile
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